September 14 - September 14, 2007 Archaic Greece:...

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September 14, 2007 Archaic Greece: Colonization and Literacy Greek Colonization after the BA o Often begins with reoccupation of Mycenaean outposts Mediterranean trade network regenerating in EIA Population reaching and surpassing BA levels o Proto-colonization Exploration of the coastline, establishment of seasonal outposts Motivations – trade, piracy EX: Pithecusae (Pithekoussai) in Bay of Naples Occupied in 8 th century by Euboians (location of Lefkandi) Former Mycenaean presence on nearby island Jumping-off point for trade with, colonization of south Italy Greek Colonization o Motivations for colonization in Archaic period Productive land: property transfer, demography (rising population = demand for more food = need more land) Trade: emporia develop into permanent settlements Civil strife leading to exile: constant feature of ancient Greek poleis Ex: Taras (Tarentum) & the Spartan Partheniai o Types of colonization Greek
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September 14 - September 14, 2007 Archaic Greece:...

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