September 17 - September 17, 2007 How We Know About Ancient...

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September 17, 2007 How We Know About Ancient Greece (primary sources) How We Know About Ancient Greece o Archaeology: material record of antiquity Study of how people lived based on what they left behind o Kinds of archaeological evidence Ruins: dwellings, public works, agriculture Objects: pottery, tools, weapons, toys, jewelry Objects with writing: inscriptions, vases, tablets, papyrus Graves: treatment of dead, grave goods Art: murals, sculpture, vase painting o Literary record Texts written by ancient authors Most extensive and detailed source of evidence Not most reliable – primacy of material evidence Manuscript tradition: copies of copies of copies… o Kinds of literary evidence History, biography, poetry, law, philosophy, medicine, travel, how-to, textbooks, cook-books, etc. Linguistic analysis: how language works Grammar and syntax, word usage Pre-literate information technology: poetic meters o Pre-literate: repetition; use of mnemonic devices Meter (rhythm), rhyme, musical accompaniment Traditional poetry = highly advanced preliterate IT Advantages: cheap, readily available Disadvantages: labor-intensive, unreliable after 3 generations Scripts o Syllabic Greek (linear B): 1500-1100 BCE (administrative records) o Alphabetic Greek: 800 BCE – present Regionalism of scripts (East Ionic-Athenian wins out)
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLA 2100 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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September 17 - September 17, 2007 How We Know About Ancient...

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