Progressive Assignment 1(1).docx - 1 Examine the role of...

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1. Examine the role of risk management within the homeland security enterprise. Drawing upon your class readings and additional research, examine how risk management is used by the homeland security enterprise including such efforts as resource/grant allocation, strategic planning, and other homeland security-related initiatives (from the federal level to state and local efforts). 2. Examine the role of cyber-security within the homeland security enterprise. Specifically address how cyber-security relates to our national critical infrastructure and its protection. The role of risk management within the homeland security enterprise We live in a world where we face countless risks every day. These risks threaten our economy, environment, and livelihood if the proper precautions are not taken. The threats that we face can be man-made, natural, or technological. We have to minimize the consequences of these threats by mitigation. However, it is impossible to safeguard the nation against all of the risks and the government has to make the difficult choice of which asset needs to be safeguarded. The government conducts a risk assessment to identify what gets the resources to help mitigate the hazard. Risk management is defined as the process for the identification, analyzation, and communication of risks and avoiding or manipulating it to an acceptable level after considering the costs and benefits of action (DHS, 2011). A sound risk management approach includes threat, vulnerability, and critical assessments (Decker, 2002). A formula was developed: R= T x V x C (APUS, n.d.). The R stands for risk, T for threat, V for vulnerability, and C for consequences (APUS, n.d.). A threat assessment is used to recognize and examine threats based on different factors like intentions and capability (Decker, 2002). A vulnerability assessment identifies weaknesses and comes up with ways to reduce them (Decker, 2002). Finally, critical assessments prioritize assets and structures by identifying which require special protection (Decker, 2002). When practiced, this is an approach that improves the making and implementing decisions in homeland security (DHS, 2011). Planning and constant learning of what is known about risks to further improve the decisions making is what The Department of Homeland Security and their partners within the HSE must practice making the best decisions possible (DHS, 2011). Carried out at its best by The Department of Homeland Security and other homeland security enterpise partners, risk management will help protect the national interests, save resources, and aid in reducing the effects of unknown risks (DHS, 2011). Risk management will allow for the HSE to focus on what is probable to cause the greatest harm to the nation (DHS, 2011). For homeland security leaders, risk management is essential in prioritizing competing requirements and enabling comprehensive approaches to ensure performance and progress (DHS, 2011).

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