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Unformatted text preview: 23 Cognitive Tradition
• Both argued that people with strong social ties were
protected from the potential pathogenic effects of
• The PERCEPTION of available support is more
important to health and adjustment than the actual
receipt of support.
• Stress-buffering was found when perceived
availability of social support matched the needs of the
24 12 10/9/2012 Interpersonal Process Tradition
• Research on the dynamics involved in the expression
and receipt of social support. Including:
• How support is elicited
• Classification schemes of support provision and
responses to received support
• How mood affects social support 25 Three Primary Categories of
1. Emotional: 2. Informational: 3. Instrumental: Example 1
26 13 10/9/2012 The Intervention Tradition
First approach: teach care givers social support skills.
• Upgrade the helping skills of informal community
Second approach: Creation of support groups.
Third approach: Creation of one-on-one mentoring and
- The support was taken from the beneficiary’s existing
network or grafted into it.
27 How Social Relationships Influence
• Social relationships & support affect mental
and physical health by influencing emotions,
cognitions, and behaviors.
• Affects health by communicating:
• what is expected
rewards and punishments
provision of coping assistance
28 14 10/9/2012 How Social Relationships Influence
Affects risk for, progression of, and recovery
from illness by influencing behaviors such as:
Smoking, Alcohol & drug use
Adherence to medications 29 Social Support: Key Terms
Main Effects versus Buffer Effects
• Main effects: • Buffer effects: 30 15 10/9/2012 Social Support: Key Terms
Threshold versus Gradient
• Gradient: • Threshold: 31 Social Support: Key Terms
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- Spring '08