Lecture 6 - Initiating Interaction, Small Talk & Self-Disclosure

self disclosure can be risky trust most self

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Unformatted text preview: disclosure can be risky. Trust - Most self-disclosures take place in the context of a trusting relationship. 7 8/29/2012 Reasons to Self-Disclose Individual reasons - Achieve catharsis and maintain psychological health and control. - Maintain physical health. - Attain self-awareness. Reasons to Self-Disclose Relational reasons - Aid in relational development. - Maintain / enhance a relationship. - Satisfy expectations for intimacy. 8 8/29/2012 Importance (of self-disclosure) to health and well-being Not disclosing something serious can impact people’s psychological health Stress, anxiety, etc. Not disclosing has been linked to biomedical outcomes Suppressed immune system, ulcers, etc. Having just one person to disclose to can be enough No significant differences between having one outlet and having ten. Reasons Not to Self-Disclose - To avoid hurt and rejection. - To avoid conflict, protect a relationship or both. - To keep one's image intact, maintain individuality or both. - To reduce or forget about stress. 9 8/29/2012 Dialectics Theory Relational life is characterized by push-pull tensions The need for openness versus privacy Strategies for reducing tensions • Cyclic alternation • Segmentation • Selection (Select to be open or private) • Neutralizing • Disqualifying (Certain topics I am open, certain topics are not) • Re-framing (In your own context) Social Penetration Model Theory for measuring the process of increasing disclosure and intimacy in a relationship....
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