Chapter 2 - The Self In A Social World

Average most people see themselves as better than the

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Unformatted text preview: ging goals and to persist Locus of Control Extent to which people perceive outcomes as internally controllable by their own efforts and actions or as externally controlled by chance or outside forces Learned Helplessness versus Self- DeterminaKon Learned Helplessness Hopelessness and resignation learned when a human or animal perceives no control over repeated bad events Martin Seligman Self- Determination Development of self- discipline in one area of your life may cause self- control in other areas as well The Costs of Excess Choice Excess Freedom Too many choices can lead to dissatisfaction with our final choice People tend to be generally happier with decisions when they can’t undo them Self- Serving Bias Tendency to perceive oneself favorably Explaining positive and negative events Self- serving attributions Tendency to attribute positive outcomes to oneself and negative outcomes to other factors Contribute to marital discord, worker dissatisfaction, and bargaining impasses Self- Serving Bias Can We All Be Better than Average? Most people see themselves as better than...
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