Chapter 2 - The Self In A Social World

Self and culture culture and self esteem in

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Unformatted text preview: ndependent self Western cultures Self and Culture Collectivism Giving priority to the goals of one’s group and defining one’s identity accordingly Interdependent self Asian, African, and Central and South American cultures Self and Culture Culture and Cognition Richard Nisbett’s The Geography of Thought (2003) Contends that collectivism results in different ways of thinking Asians tend to think more in relationships than Americans Americans see choices as expressions of themselves. Self and Culture Culture and Self- Esteem In collectivist cultures Self- concept is context- specific rather than stable Conflict takes place between groups In individualistic cultures Self- esteem is more personal and less relational Conflict takes place between individuals Crime Divorce Self- Knowledge Explaining Our Behavior Predicting Our Behavior Planning fallacy Tendency to underestimate how long it will take to complete a task Self- Knowledge Predicting Our Feelings Studies of “affective forecasting” reveal people have the greatest difficulty predicting the intensity and the duration of their future emotions Impact bias Overestimating the enduring impact of emotion- causing eve...
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