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Chapter 3 - Social Beliefs And Judgments

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Unformatted text preview: ence Phenomenon Tendency to be more confident than correct – to overestimate the accuracy of one’s beliefs Incompetence feeds overconfidence Planning fallacy Stockbroker overconfidence Political overconfidence Judging Our Social World Confirmation Bias Tendency to search for information that confirms one’s preconceptions Helps explain why our self- images are so stable Self- verification Judging Our Social World Remedies for Overconfidence Give prompt feedback to explain why statement is incorrect For planning fallacy, ask one to “unpack a task” – break it down into estimated time requirements for each part Get people to think of one good reason why their judgments might be wrong Judging Our Social World Heuristics: Mental Shortcuts Representativeness heuristic Tendency to presume, sometimes despite contrary odds, that someone or something belongs to a particular group if resembling (representing) a typical member Judging Our Social World Heuristics: Mental Shortcuts Availability heuristic Cognitive rule that judges the likelihood of things in terms of their availability in memory The more easily we recall something the more likely it seems Judging...
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