Week 5 - Operationalization & Measurement

Researchers also need to include a budget and project

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Unformatted text preview: n Ecological Fallacy and Reductionism Ecological Fallacy: Use of data gathered at a higher or aggregated level of analysis to make statements about a lower or disaggregated level. What happens in one unit of analysis does not always hold true for another unit of analysis Reductionism: the fallacy of nonequivalence Use of data gathered at a lower or disaggregated level of analysis to make statements about higher aggregated units of analysis Occurs when a researcher explains macro level events but only has data on specific individuals Spuriousness Two variables appear to be associated but are not causally related because an unseen third factor is really the cause Book example: ice cream cone sales and air conditioner use Proposing Research Social Research Proposals Every research proposal should have at least five sections (Locke, Spirduso & Silverman 2000:8–34) 1. An introductory statement of the research problem in which you clarify what it is that you are interested in studying. 2. A literature review, in which you explain how your problem and plans build on what has already been reported in the literature on this topic. Social Research Proposals 3. A methodological plan, detailing just how you will respond to the particular mix of opportunities and constraints you face. 4. An ethics statement, identifying potential research on human subjects issues and how you will respond to them in an ethical fashion. 5. A statement of limitations, reviewing weaknesses of the proposed research and presenting plans for minimizing their consequences. Researchers also need to include a budget and project timeline, unless they are working within the framework of a...
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2014 for the course SOC 293 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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