Week 5 - Operationalization & Measurement

Week 5 - Operationalization & Measurement - Social...

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Social’Research’Methods SOC’293 25’September’2012 Topic’Selection Where’do’topic’ideas’come’from? Previous’studies Television’or’Flm Personal’Experiences Something’you±ve’read Discussions’with’others Topic’Selection Must’be: About’social’patterns’that’operate’in’aggregates Empirically’measurable’/’observable Must’NOT’be: About’one’unique’situation About’one’individual’case Something’you’cannot’observe’(even’indirectly) You’have’a’topic,’now’what? How’you’proceed’di²ers’a’bit’depending’on: Inductive’/’deductive’approach Quantitative’/’Qualitative’methodology How’do’you’decide? Read’studies’conducted’by’others’about’your’topic Grasp’issues’that’operate’in’qualitative’/’quantitative’ approaches’to’research
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Understand’strengths’/’limitations’of’various’techniques Literature’Review Helps’narrow’down’a’topic Gives’you’an’idea’of’how’focused’others’have’been’and’ how’they’measured’concepts Gives’you’an’idea’of’where’the’discourse’has’been’and’ where’it’is’going Provides’a’starting’point’from’which’to’continue Can’be’used’as’a’justiFcation’for’your’work Goals’of’a’Literature’Review Demonstrate’a’familiarity’with’a’body’of’knowledge’and’ establish’credibility. Show’the’path’of’previous’research’and’how’a’current’ project’links’to’that’path. Integrate’and’summarize’what’is’known’in’an’area. Learn’from’others’and’stimulate’new’ideas. Reviewing’Research Reviewing the literature is a two-stage process. Stage’1:’assess’each’article’separately. Stage’2:’assess’the’implications’of’the’entire’set’ of’articles’(and’other’materials)’for’aspects’ relevant’to’your’research’question’and’ procedures’and’then’write’an’integrated’review’ that’highlights’these’implications.
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Reviewing’Research Your’literature’review’of’each’article’will’suggest SpeciFc’research’questions’for’further’investigation Research’methods’with’which’to’study’those’ questions Possible’data’sources’ Critique’earlier’study’shortcomings May’lack’rigorous’research’designs May’have’missed’an’essential’element’of’concern Better’data’may’now’be’available,’etc.’ Reviewing’Research Second’stage’of’lit’review’process’integrates’separate/ individual’article’reviews Develops’an’overall’assessment’by Summarizing’prior’research Critiquing’prior’research Presenting’ pertinent’ conclusions (Hart’1998:186–187).
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