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Week 4 - Research Design & Conceptualization

Building and evaluating theory is one of the most

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Unformatted text preview: ns often refer to one or more theories that guide research A theory is a logically interrelated set of propositions that helps us make sense of many interrelated phenomena and predict behavior or attitudes that are likely to occur when certain conditions are met. Building and evaluating theory is one of the most important objectives of social science. Some Sociological Theories Rational choice theory explains individual action with the principle that actors choose actions which maximize their gains (minimize loss) from taking action Specific deterrence theory applies rational choice theory to crime and punishment Conflict theory identifies conflict between social groups as the primary force in society Some Sociological Theories Procedural justice theory predicts people obey the law from a sense of obligation because they see legal authorities as moral and legitimate Symbolic interaction theory the symbolic nature of social interaction— how social interaction conveys meaning and promotes socialization Labeling theory applies a symbolic interaction approach to explain deviance as an “offender’...
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