Week 1.2 - Paradigms, Theory & Social Research

Week 1.2 Paradigms Theory& Social Research

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Unformatted text preview: plain deviance as an “offender’s” reaction to the application of rules and sanctions Theories More Generally Theories are often discipline specific Differ across sociology, psychology, communication, business Some theories apply to rather narrow, well- defined areas of scholarship (like deterrence theory) Others, such as conflict, functionalist, symbolic interaction, feminist theories are broader and can be applied in many areas of scholarship Theoretical Frameworks Researchers may work with one or more theories, to extend, challenge, or specify more precisely under particular circumstances. Researchers may test implications of the different theories against each other. Researchers may decide (based on findings from evidence) whether theoretical approaches offer competing or complementary understanding of the process. Social Research Strategies Research connects theory with empirical data— evidence from the social world. Deductive research Start with a social theory and then test some of its implications with data. Inductive research Start by collecting the data and develop a theory that explains patterns in the data. Deductive Research In deductive research a specific expectation is deduced from a general theoretical premise and then tested with data that have been collected for this purpose. The specific expectation deduced from the more general theory is a hypothesis. A hypothesis proposes a relationship between two or more variables. Variables have characteristics or properties that can vary. Deductive Research...
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2014 for the course SOC 293 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

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