Week 1.2 - Paradigms, Theory & Social Research

And legitimate symbolic interaction theory the

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Unformatted text preview: ar life event Example: Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) Cohort Study: instead of looking at the exact same people, researchers focus on a category of people called a “cohort” Cohorts have commonalities: Birth Cohort, Graduating Class … Data Collection Techniques Quantitative Experiments Surveys Content analysis Secondary data analysis Field research Qualitative Participant observation Historical- Comparative research Theory Research publications often refer to one or more theories that guide research A theory is a logically interrelated set of propositions that helps us make sense of many interrelated phenomena and predict behavior or attitudes that are likely to occur when certain conditions are met. Building and evaluating theory is one of the most important objectives of social science. Some Sociological Theories Rational choice theory explains individual action with the principle that actors choose actions which maximize their gains (minimize loss) from taking action Specific deterrence theory applies rational choice theory to crime and punishment Conflict theory identifies conflict between social groups as the primary force in society Some Sociological Theories Procedural justice theory predicts people obey the law from a sense of obligation because they see legal authorities as moral and legitimate Symbolic interaction theory the symbolic nature of social interaction— how social interaction conveys meaning and promotes socialization Labeling theory applies a symbolic interaction approach to ex...
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