Week 1.2 - Paradigms, Theory & Social Research

Past data create a set of categories clarify a

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: sues of power Seeks to raise awareness of an issue Research is tied directly to a political plan of action Generally, action research is associated with a social movement or advocacy group Social Impact Assessment Estimates the likely consequences of a planned intervention May be part of a larger environmental impact study Examines a range of social outcomes and forecasts the impact of a particular intervention Purpose of Research Exploratory – explore a new topic Descriptive – describe a social phenomenon Explanatory – explain why something occurs Exploratory Research Become familiar with basic facts, setting, concerns Create a general picture of conditions Formulate questions for future research Generate new ideas / hypotheses Develop techniques for measuring and locating future data Descriptive Research Provide a detailed picture Locate new data that contradicts past data Create a set of categories Clarify a sequence of stages Document a causal mechanism Report on the background or context of a situation Explanatory Research Test a theory’s predictions / principle Elaborate on a theory’s explanation Extend a theory to new issues / topics Support or refute an existing explanation Link issues or topics with a general principle Time Cross- Sectional Longitudinal Time Series Panel Study Cohort Study Cross- Sectional Examine a single point in time a “snapshot” Most common and least expensive Cannot capture social processes or change Longitudinal Look at multiple times More expensive Time Series: researchers gather the same type of information across two or more time periods. Can track change Different respondents may be used at each time interval Longitudinal Panel Study: researcher observes exactly the same participants over time. Very expensive Can clearly show the impact of a particul...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/03/2014 for the course SOC 293 taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Buffalo.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online