Week 2 - Ethical Guidelines

Week 2 - Ethical Guidelines - Social Research Methods SOC...

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Social’Research’Methods SOC’293 4’September’2012 Ethical’Guidelines How’can’we’avoid’fraud’and’mistakes? How’will’our’research’Fndings’be’used? How’will’our’research’a±ect’the’people’or’settings’we’are’ researching? Ethical’Guidelines’from’Bad’ Practices Most’notorious’of’bad’practices’were’“medical’ experiments”’conducted’in’Nazi’Germany’and’similar’ “medical’experiments”’used’by’Japan’in’the’1940s’as’a’ way’to’test’biological’weaponry But’there’are’plenty’of’other’examples: Tuskeegee’Experiment’–’Syphilis,’untreated Milgram²s’Obedience’Experiment’–’Electric’Shock Zimbardo²s’Prison’Experiment Humphreys²’ Tea RoomTrade – Catching’People’Having’Sex Research’Participant’Protection No’harm’to’participants Physical’harm,’psychological’abuse,’legal’jeopardy Creating’new’inequalities
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Voluntary’participation Role’of’deception’in’scientiFc’research Informed’consent Capacity’to’decide,’coercion,’special’populations Privacy No’Harm’to’Participants Physical Harm :’the’researcher’should’not’cause’physical’ harm’and’must’take’steps’to’anticipate’potential’harms’ including’basic’safety’concerns. Psychological Abuse :’includes’stress’or’loss’of’self-esteem.’ Situations’of’psychological’discomfort’may’be’justiFed’ but’researchers’must’still’take’the’appropriate’ precautions’to’create’only’the’minimal’amount’of’ discomfort’needed’and’they’must’be’sure’that’the’ beneFts’outweigh’the’costs. No’Harm’to’Participants Legal Harm :’researchers’are’responsible’for’protecting’ participants’from’increased’risk’of’arrest. Other Harms: negative’impact’on’career,’reputation,’or’income Negative’impact’on’relationships Voluntary’Consent Principle ofVoluntary Consent: researchers’should’never’ force’anyone’to’participate’and’they’should’not’lie’to’ participants’unless’it’is’absolutely’necessary’(no’other’ way’to’study’phenomenon) Deception :’deception’should’only’be’used’when’there’is’no’
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other’way’to’study’the’topic’of’interest’and’only’then’if’ the’beneFts’of’knowledge’outweigh’the’harms’of’telling’ lies.’When’deception’is’used’in’a’study’the’researcher’
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Week 2 - Ethical Guidelines - Social Research Methods SOC...

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