Week 1 - Introductory Lecture

Generalizing reasoning from a smaller number of cases

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Unformatted text preview: recipients are poor and unemployed, you may find many confirming instances… But what about workers that receive tax breaks (fiscal welfare) on their health insurance premiums or retirement savings? Observation Errors: Overgeneralization reaching conclusions about many/most based on one/few observations Reasoning from anecdote Exhibit 1.3 depicts the difference between selective observation and related (but not identical), overgeneralization. Generalizing: Reasoning from a smaller number of cases or observations to a more general conclusion. Under specified conditions, this kind of reasoning may be appropriate, but... Overgeneralization occurs when we conclude that what we have observed or what...
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