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Study Guide, geology 102

Study Guide, geology 102 - Definition of Minerals inorganic...

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Definition of Minerals- inorganic and naturally occurring substance, solid, homogenous chemical comp. Silicate vs. carbonate rocks/minerals- silicates- dominate Common minerals in the earth and crust (and percentages)- plagioclase feldspar and K feldpar and quartz makes up 76% Importance of minerals in weathering and how sediments are made- decomposition, deposition, clast. Rock cycle- p. 10 How do the rock cycle and plate tectonics relate to each other?- plate tectonics is the engine to the rock cycle Three main classes of rocks and important characteristics of each- igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic Differences between clastic and chemical sedimentary rocks- chemical: aqueous solution fossils. Clastic- bonded, detrital Types of plate boundaries and examples of each- convergent, divergent, transform Elements, atoms, compounds Bonding types between atoms Origins of sedimentary rocks via weathering processes The weathering reaction of feldspar and why it is significant- feldspar + acid = clay +
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Study Guide, geology 102 - Definition of Minerals inorganic...

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