You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 41 pages?
Unformatted text preview: Substance Use Disorders Psych 127A – Guest Lecture Spencer Bujarski [email protected] Outline 1. Prevalence of drug use and substance use disorders 2. Overview of Drugs of Abuse 3. EIology 4. Treatment – will be covered by Dr. Chavira Prevalence of Drug Use AddicIon in the DSM –IV (i.e. outdated) • Substance Abuse (1 or more of 4 symptoms) ▫ MaladapIve use of substance ▫ No physiological dependence • Substance Dependence (3 or more of 7 symptoms) ▫ OccupaIonal or social problems, much Ime trying to obtain substance, conInued use despite problems, etc. ▫ May involve tolerance or withdrawal - physiological dependence ༉ Tolerance - Greater amounts required to produce desired eﬀect ༉ Withdrawal - Physiological and psychological consequences when individual disconInues or reduces substance use Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence • DiagnosIc orphans – meet 1 or 2 symptoms of dependence but 0 abuse symptoms ▫ Likely have some maladapIve drug use, but no diagnosis applies. • Legal problem criteria in abuse varied a lot between diﬀerent cultures. Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence Red – Abuse Black – Dependence Blue - Craving AddicIon in DSM- 5 • Abuse and Dependence dropped. • 4 items from substance abuse...
View Full Document
- Spring '14