Substance use Disorders Guest Lecture - Substance use Disorders Guest Lecture

Substance use disorders guest lecture

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Unformatted text preview: Substance Use Disorders Psych 127A – Guest Lecture Spencer Bujarski [email protected] Outline 1.  Prevalence of drug use and substance use disorders 2.  Overview of Drugs of Abuse 3.  EIology 4.  Treatment – will be covered by Dr. Chavira Prevalence of Drug Use AddicIon in the DSM –IV (i.e. outdated) •  Substance Abuse (1 or more of 4 symptoms) ▫  MaladapIve use of substance ▫  No physiological dependence •  Substance Dependence (3 or more of 7 symptoms) ▫  OccupaIonal or social problems, much Ime trying to obtain substance, conInued use despite problems, etc. ▫  May involve tolerance or withdrawal - physiological dependence –༉  Tolerance - Greater amounts required to produce desired effect –༉  Withdrawal - Physiological and psychological consequences when individual disconInues or reduces substance use Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence •  DiagnosIc orphans – meet 1 or 2 symptoms of dependence but 0 abuse symptoms ▫  Likely have some maladapIve drug use, but no diagnosis applies. •  Legal problem criteria in abuse varied a lot between different cultures. Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence Red – Abuse Black – Dependence Blue - Craving AddicIon in DSM- 5 •  Abuse and Dependence dropped. •  4 items from substance abuse...
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  • Spring '14
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