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Substance use Disorders Guest Lecture

Skills needed for driving impairment present for

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Unformatted text preview: Liver cells engorged with fat and protein impeding funcIoning ▫  Liver disease and cirrhosis rank 12th in US causes of death. •  Damage to endocrine glands and pancreas •  Heart failure •  ErecIle dysfuncIon •  Hypertension •  Stroke •  Capillary hemorrhages ▫  Facial swelling and redness, especially in nose •  DestrucIon of brain cells ▫  Especially areas important to memory NicoIne and Cigareke Smoking •  NicoIne ▫  AddicIng agent of tobacco ▫  Targets nicoInic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) ▫  SImulates dopamine neurons in mesolimbic area –༉  Involved in reinforcing effect, including cogniIve enhancement Smoking: Prevalence and Health Consequences •  Cigarekes kill 1,100 people every day ▫  1 of 6 deaths related to tobacco use •  Lung cancer is most common cancer •  Decreases in smoking over the past 30 years; remaining smokers are “hard- to- treat” •  Cigarekes also cause or exacerbate: ▫  Emphysema, cancers of larynx, esophagus, pancreas, bladder, cervix, stomach ▫  Sudden infant death syndrome and pregnancy complicaIons ▫  Cardiovascular disease Marijuana •  Marijuana dependence is...
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