SUbstance Use Lecture - SUbstance Use Lecture

Substance use lecture

This preview shows page 1 out of 41 pages.

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 41 pages?

Unformatted text preview: Substance Use Disorders Psych 127A – Guest Lecture Spencer Bujarski [email protected] Outline 1.  Prevalence of drug use and substance use disorders 2.  Overview of Drugs of Abuse 3.  EIology 4.  Treatment – will be covered by Dr. Chavira Prevalence of Drug Use AddicIon in the DSM –IV (i.e. outdated) •  Substance Abuse (1 or more of 4 symptoms) ▫  MaladapIve use of substance ▫  No physiological dependence •  Substance Dependence (3 or more of 7 symptoms) ▫  OccupaIonal or social problems, much Ime trying to obtain substance, conInued use despite problems, etc. ▫  May involve tolerance or withdrawal - physiological dependence –༉  Tolerance - Greater amounts required to produce desired effect –༉  Withdrawal - Physiological and psychological consequences when individual disconInues or reduces substance use Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence •  DiagnosIc orphans – meet 1 or 2 symptoms of dependence but 0 abuse symptoms ▫  Likely have some maladapIve drug use, but no diagnosis applies. •  Legal problem criteria in abuse varied a lot between different cultures. Problem with DSM- IV Abuse/Dependence Red – Abuse Black – Dependence Blue - Craving AddicIon in DSM- 5 •  Abuse and Dependence dropped. •  4 items from substance abuse and 7 from substance dependence were merged into Substance Use Disorder. ▫  Legal problems criteria dropped ▫  Drug craving added •  Added severity specifier ▫  Mild: 2- 3 symptoms ▫  Moderate: 4- 5 symptoms ▫  Severe: 6 or more symptoms •  Unfortunately DSM- 5 just came out so all the data I will show you is with DSM- IV AddicIon in DSM- 5 ▫  substance is o`en taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended. ▫  There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or...
View Full Document

  • Spring '14

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture