History Review midterm 2 - History Review for Midterm#2...

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History Review for Midterm #2Karl MarxWhen: (1818-1883) Marxism started 1848Who: German, sees religion as an oppressor, and hates the church, wrote the Com-munist ManifestoWhere: GermanyWhat: Created Marxism, theory to improve their working and living conditions by indus-trial workers. Standing up for those that were oppressed (class struggle)Why: Government itself was but an instrument of the ruling classBelieved there were two classes in society the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat, thought they were going to break into a open revolutionProletariatWhen: ~1848Who: Group made my factory workers that was made up of a majority of the working class, industrial working class, poor working conditions, woman and childrenWhat: Formed a dictatorship for some time to organize the means of production but the end result was a classless society since classes themselves arose from the economic differences that have been abolished.Why: Improve their working and living conditions1833 Factory Act- passed by Germany, kids not allowed to work in bad conditionsConservatismWhen: 1815Who: Aristocratic monarchies of russia, prussia, austria, and GB attempted to hold onto their powerMetternich (feared the liberal idea of self-determination (classical liberalism)) and his kind were representatives of the ideology of conservatismWhere: 19th century Europe (Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia (Congress of Vienna))What: Favored obedience to political authority, believed that organized religion was cru-cial to social order, hated revolutionary upheavals, and were unwilling to accept wither the liberal demands for civil liberties and representative governments or the nationalistic aspirations generated by the French revolutionary eraWhy: After 1815, the political philosophy of conservatism was supported by hereditary monarchs, gvt bureaucracies, landowning aristocracies, and revived churched (protest-ant or catholic). Conservative forces dominant after 1815
History Review for Midterm #2LiberalismWhen: 1815Who: Classical Liberalism, Owed much of to the Enlightenment of the 18th century and the American and French revolutionsWhere: 19th century europeWhat: Based on the idea that ppl should as free from restraint as possibleWhy: Demanded representative gvt not autocratic monarchy, wanted a limited gvt in or-der to prevent despotism (1 king rules everything). They wanted written documents (bill or rights, or the french declaration of the rights of man)NationalismWhen: 19th century, popular force in French RevolutionWho: Nationalist, GermanyWhere: Factor in Germany’s desired unification, Hungarians under the Austrian Empire wanted their own nation-stateWhat: Ppl should be united because of shared language, history, territory, and cultureWhy: Ppl’s primary political loyalty liked in nation not in king or queenKills more people than you could ever imaginePrinciple of InterventionWhen: 1815Who: Concert of Europe (GB, Russia, Prussia,and Austria, later France)Where: EuropeWhat: Principle that asserted the right to send armies into countries where there revolu-

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