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Introduction to Political Theory Notes

Introduction to Political Theory Notes - •...

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Unformatted text preview: • Ancient/Classical Political Theory o The Greeks Begins in Ancient “Greece” (circa 6 th century BCE) • Pre “Socrates” • Sophists (ex-Pythagorists) Golden Age of Ancient Athens (5 th-4 th centuries BCE) • The polis and the good life (polis=city state) • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle o The Romans Roman Republic Roman Empire (begins 2 nd century BCE) Schools of thought (both have Greek origins) • The good life and virtue • Stoicism- (Cierco, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius)-live life according to nature • Epicureanism-(Lucretius) • Medieval Political Theory o Christians, Arabs, and Jews Circa 4 th to 5 th centuries CE Christians • Church and state • Divine and natural law • Augustine (354-430)-church father from North Africa • Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274)-combined Aristotle with Christian teachings Arabs and Jews • Reason and faith • Aristotle’s influence • Averroes (1126-1198)-Muslim born in Spain • Moses Maimonides (1135-1204)-Jew born in Muslim Spain • Transition to Modern Political Theory o Renaissance and Reformation 15 th and 15 th centuries CE...
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