Marx and Engels Notes

Marx and Engels Notes - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The...

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Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels – The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx-His Life o Born in 1818 in Trier, Germany, father was a lawyer (middle class), was Jewish but baptized a Christian due to his father’s job and restrictions on Jews during that time period o Studied at Bonn and the University of Berlin, father wanted him to be a lawyer o Began as a “Young Hegelian” (followers of German philosopher G. F.W. Hegel’s thought), wanted to go into academia to become a professor o Editor of a liberal newspaper in Germany (first met Engels 1842), liberal meaning in favor of constitution, negative impression of Engels during first meeting o 1844-met Engels again in Paris, began working together o 1845-expelled from Paris for being a subversive, he and Engels moved to Belgium o 1847-both joined a secret society “ the Communist League” o 1847-1848-at League’s request, Marx and Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto, published in 1848, The Communist Manifesto was written as a political pamphlet with a broad audience not just for philosophers o 1848-Marx banished from Belgium o A849-ended up in London, England where he will spend the rest of his life o Marx and Engels continued writing together in England until Marx’s death in 1883 o Marx is married to his neighbor, Jenny von Westphalen, they had daughters Friedrich Engels-His Life
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o Born in 1820 in Barmen, Prussia, father a textile manufacturer, Barmen along Rhine, industrial city, Calvinist family, father was very strict, followed in his father’s footsteps (worked for his father) o 1843-joined branch of father’s business in Manchester, England o Influenced by working conditions in English factories o 1870-retired and joined Marx in London, Engels supports Marx, never lived with Marx o 1895-death in London, before his death and after Marx’s death, Engels acts as a spokesman for The Communist Manifesto, wrote introductions, etc., after Marx’s death, he helped look after Marx’s kids Hegel’s Influence o Study of history Proceeds according to a definite pattern Can study the progress of history scientifically using reason Progress of history is inevitable o Dialectic-process where by history moves itself along Unity of opposite-the nature of everything involves internal opposition Dialectical path-involves the overcoming of the internal opposition in each period of history Qualitative change-when overcome of internal opposition occurs New contradictions-new oppositions Negation of the negation Qualitative change-negates previous qualitative change
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Second negation-creates further development, does not return
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS 106 taught by Professor Morrell during the Fall '07 term at UConn.

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Marx and Engels Notes - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The...

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