What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World
War? How successfully did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address these
Use the documents and your knowledge of the years 1948–1961 to construct your response.
Source: John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, June 1954.
If world communism captures any American State, however small, a new and perilous front is
established which will increase the danger to the entire free world and require even greater
sacrifices form the American people.
This situation in Guatemala had become so dangerous that the American States could not ignore
it. At Caracas last March, the American States held their Tenth Inter-American Conference. They
then adopted a momentous statement. They declared that “the domination or control of the
political institutions of any American State by the international Communist movement … would
constitute a threat to the sovereignty and political independence of the American States,
endangering the peace of America.”
, May 1955.