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august 29 - Transition to Modern Political Theory •...

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Ancient/Classical Political Theory The Greeks Begins in Ancient “Greece” (circa 6 th  century BCE) o Pre “Socrates” o Sophists (ex-Pythagorists) Golden Age of Ancient Athens (5 th -4 th  centuries BCE) o The polis and the good life (polis=city state) o Socrates, Plato, Aristotle The Romans Roman Republic Roman Empire (begins 2 nd  century BCE) Schools of thought (both have Greek origins) o The good life and virtue o Stoicism     (Cierco, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius)- live life according to nature o Epicureanism      (Lucretius) Medieval Political Theory Christians, Arabs, and Jews Circa 4 th  to 5 th  centuries CE Christians o Church and state o Divine and natural law o Augustine (354-430)-church father from North Africa
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o Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274)- combined Aristotle with Christian teachings Arabs and Jews o Reason and faith o Aristotle’s influence o Averroes (1126-1198; Muslim born in Spain) o Moses Maimonides (1135-1204; Jew born in Muslim Spain)
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Unformatted text preview: Transition to Modern Political Theory • Renaissance and Reformation o 15 th and 16 th centuries CE o Authority and the individual o Power and virtue o Renaissance: Machiavelli (1469-1527) o Reformation: Martin Luther (1483-1546) and John Calvin (1509-1564) Modern Political Theory • 17 th to 19 th centuries CE • Characterized by an initial move away from classical political theorists (e.g. Plato and Aristotle) • Begins with growth of scientific method and the Enlightenment • Ends with questions of the effectiveness of the Enlightenment Project • Examples-Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche Contemporary Political Theory • 20 th century and beyond • Hard to classify 20 th century political theory • John Rawls-American 20 th century political theory...
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