august 29

august 29 - Transition to Modern Political Theory...

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Ancient/Classical Political Theory The Greeks Begins in Ancient “Greece” (circa 6 th  century BCE) o Pre “Socrates” o Sophists (ex-Pythagorists) Golden Age of Ancient Athens (5 th -4 th  centuries BCE) o The polis and the good life (polis=city state) o Socrates, Plato, Aristotle The Romans Roman Republic Roman Empire (begins 2 nd  century BCE) Schools of thought (both have Greek origins) o The good life and virtue o Stoicism     (Cierco, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius)- live life according to nature o Epicureanism      (Lucretius) Medieval Political Theory Christians, Arabs, and Jews Circa 4 th  to 5 th  centuries CE Christians o Church and state o Divine and natural law o Augustine (354-430)-church father from North Africa
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o Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274)- combined Aristotle with Christian teachings Arabs and Jews o Reason and faith o Aristotle’s influence o Averroes (1126-1198; Muslim born in Spain) o Moses Maimonides (1135-1204; Jew born in Muslim Spain)
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Unformatted text preview: Transition to Modern Political Theory Renaissance and Reformation o 15 th and 16 th centuries CE o Authority and the individual o Power and virtue o Renaissance: Machiavelli (1469-1527) o Reformation: Martin Luther (1483-1546) and John Calvin (1509-1564) Modern Political Theory 17 th to 19 th centuries CE Characterized by an initial move away from classical political theorists (e.g. Plato and Aristotle) Begins with growth of scientific method and the Enlightenment Ends with questions of the effectiveness of the Enlightenment Project Examples-Hobbes, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche Contemporary Political Theory 20 th century and beyond Hard to classify 20 th century political theory John Rawls-American 20 th century political theory...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course POLS 106 taught by Professor Morrell during the Fall '07 term at UConn.

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august 29 - Transition to Modern Political Theory...

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