T&W - Thinking and Writing Scientifically Table of...

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Unformatted text preview: Thinking and Writing Scientifically Table of Contents Doing Science……………………………………………………………………… 1 The Process of Science and the Scientific Method ………………………………. 2 Learning About Hypotheses ………………………………………………………..5 Developing a Hypothesis …………………………………………………………. 5 How to Write an Experimental Protocol …………………………………………. 7 Basic Comments About Science Writing ………………………………………… 9 Writing ……………………………………………………………………. 9 Organization ……………………………………………………………… 9 Style ………………………………………………………………………. 9 Audience ………………………………………………………………….. 10 Citations and References …………………………………………………...10 Format for Writing a Scientific Paper …………………………………………….. 11 Writing a Title ……………………………………………………………... 11 Sections of a Scientific Paper ………………..…………………………….……… 12 Writing an Abstract ……………………………………………………….. 12 Writing an Introduction …………………………………………………… 13 Citing References …………………………………………………………. 13 Writing Materials and Methods …………………………………………… 14 Writing Results ……………………………………………………………. 16 Tables and Figures ………………………………………………… 16 Types of Graphs ……………………………………………………19 Writing a Description of Data ……………………………………………...20 Writing a Discussion ……………………………………………………….23 Writing a Reference Page ………………………………………………….25 Sample Lab Report …………………………………………………………………27 1 "Doing Science" The process of doing science is quite different from that of learning science. When a scientist "does" science, the scientist follows the sequence of steps that make up the scientific method. Make observations → Formulate a question → Make a hypothesis (scientific and null) → Make predictions → Formulate predicted or expected results → Conduct controlled experiments to test the questions → Get data (quantitative results) → Evaluate the results and hypothesis → Present the results → Explain the results → Make new hypotheses and the process starts all over again The scientific method is explained in detail on the following page....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BIOSCI 0050 taught by Professor Carollafarve during the Fall '07 term at Pittsburgh.

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T&W - Thinking and Writing Scientifically Table of...

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