Day 21 Hobbes notes from Jay

11 animals cant determine the difference between

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Unformatted text preview: defend them. sec 8 about war: “For WAR, consisteth not in battle only, or the act of fighting; but in a tract of time, wherein the will to contend by battle is sufficiently known: and therefore the notion of time, is to be considered in the nature of war; as it is in the nature of weather. Equality of Hope chapter 13 (starting on p. 82) sec 3: “From this equality of ability, ariseth equality of hope in the attaining of our ends. And therefore if any two men desire the same thing, which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies; and in the way to their end, (which is principally their own conservation, and sometimes their dedication only,) endeavour to destroy, or subdue another man. And from hence it comes to pass, that where an invader hath no more to fear, than another man’s single power; if one plant, sow, build or possess a convenient seat, others may probably be expected to come prepared with forces united, to dispossess, and deprive him, not only of the fruit of his labour, but also of his life, or liberty. And the invader again is in the like danger of another. Competition chapter 13 (starting on p. 82) sec 6 and 7: In the nature of man, we find three principal causes of quarrel: a) competition (for gain), b) diffidence (for safety), c) glory (for reputation) chapter 17 sec 6 “It is true, that certain living creatures, as bees, and ants, live sociably one with another, (which are therefore by Aristotle numbered among political creatures;) and yet have no other direction, than their particular judgments and appetites; nor speech, whereby one of them can signify to another, what he thinks expedient for the common benefit: and therefore some man may perhaps desire to know, why mankind cannot do the same. To which I answer,” sec 7. men are constantly in competition for honor and dignity; animals are not. Ultimately, humans envy and hatred lead to war; among animals, not so. sec 8. for animals, the common good does not differ from the private good. For man, they derive joy in comparing themselves to other men, and can enjoy only what is eminent. sec 9. animals do not see any fault in the way they are administrated; men may think they are wiser, better able to govern, strive to reform and innovate, civil war b...
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