November 16 - War and Religion in Ancient Rome Aeneas o...

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November 16, 2007 War and Religion in Ancient Rome Aeneas o Associated with Italy by 4 th century (Jupiter Indiges) o Ideal of self-sacrificing general/king o Pius : brings Trojan penates to Italy o Rituals: consults Sibyl Lusus Troiae (“Trojan Games”) o Cult of Aeneas: at Lavinium Promoted by (Julian) emperors Romulus o Myth from at least 4 th century Associated with many cults (ex: Lupercalia) o Ideal of divinely protected hero/king (apotheosis as Quirinus) o Introduces civic and military standards Romulus’ Rome as military camp (young men, no women) Lustratio for city and army Division of populus (“military levy”) Triumph (over Sabine king) Ancus Marcius o Supposedly 4 th king, reigns from mid-7 th century o Warrior king: extends Roman territory Romulus split in two: religious Numa/warlike Marcius o Introduces fetiales (priests in charge of military matters) Roman military rituals o Officials involved with military rituals Fetiales : priests concerned with war, peace, treaties Ambassadors, messengers protected by religious law Haruspices, augurs, etc. travel with armies Beginning of a conflict
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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November 16 - War and Religion in Ancient Rome Aeneas o...

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