October 1 - October 1 2007 Continuation from last time Aphrodite(Venus o Not in Lin B(Ishtar of NE o Parents Ouranos or Zeus/Dione Husband Ares or

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October 1, 2007 Continuation from last time… Aphrodite (Venus) o Not in Lin B (Ishtar of NE) o Parents: Ouranos or Zeus/Dione; Husband: Ares or Hephaistos o Goddess of fertility o Attributes: mirror, apple, dove, gold, finery o Cult titles: Philomedes (pun) o Major cults: Cyprus, Melos (local/regional) Ares (Mars) o Not in Lin B (Enyalios?) o Parents: Zeus/Hera; wife :Aphrodite o God of war o Cult titles: Enyalios o Cults: rare (role of Athena) Hades (Pluto, Dis) o Not in Lin B o Parents: Kronos/Rhea; wife: Persephone o God of underworld, wealth o Attributes: scepter, chariot o Not a recipient of cult, temples etc. The pantheon in action o Mantineia Mantineia: mid-sized polis Polis deities Dual temple: Asklepios/Leto, Apollo, Artemis Olympians: Poseidon (poliad deity) o Others: Zeus, Demeter, Hera, Athena, Aphrodite o Multiple cults: Zeus Keraunos, Soter etc.; Athena Alea, Alalkomeneis Other gods: Helios, Hestia Hero-cult: Dioskouroi, Arkas; Antinoos o Podares: recent hero (enemy Sparta crushed, 362 BCE) Chora deities (suburban-rural) Olympians: Demeter, Artemis, Dionysus, Aphrodite, Zeus o Poseidon: shrine at city gates, regional festival (urban/rural axis) Associated with local heroes (Trophonios) Hero-cult: Penelope (non-Homeric), Anchises, etc.
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The Cults of Demeter and Asklepios Demeter and Mystery Religions o Mystery religions Muein “speak sacred”; mystes “initiate into secret rituals” Offer personal salvation (escape finality of death) Openness: women, slaves, non-Greeks participate; inexpensive
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 1 - October 1 2007 Continuation from last time Aphrodite(Venus o Not in Lin B(Ishtar of NE o Parents Ouranos or Zeus/Dione Husband Ares or

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