October 3 - October 3 2007 The Panhellenic Cults of Zeus...

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October 3, 2007 The Panhellenic Cults of Zeus and Apollo The sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia o History Expanding constituency Regional religious activity by 1000 BCE Panhellenic activity from around 600 o Calendar: mythical history (776 BCE) Not a polis cult: settlement grows up around sanctuary As with all Zeus’ major cults Panhellenic: outside control of single polis (cp. Delphi, Delos) Worship of Hera seems to have proceeded that of Zeus Fully Panhellenic status = transition to Zeus (?) o Lasts until Christian period Decline in early Roman period Reverts to regional/local festival Revival by emperors; tourism Temple burns in 426 CE, not rebuilt Christian basilica built on site Myths about the founding of Olympia o Zeus Where he wrestles Kronos for control of the universe o Pelops and Hippodameia Local king Oinomaos promises daughter to chariot race winner Pelops bribes one of king’s men, Myrtilos (curse) Pelops establishes Zeus festival to atone Hippodamaia establishes festival for Hera o Herakles Cleans stables of local king Augeas (Labors)
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October 3 - October 3 2007 The Panhellenic Cults of Zeus...

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