October 10 - October 10, 2007 Religion and Philosophy of...

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October 10, 2007 Religion and Philosophy of Ancient Greece Philosophy: criticism of epic gods o Significance of epic poetry Education: memorization, recitation, discussion Medium of earliest philosophers Ex: Parmenides (6 th c.; from Elis in southern Italy) o The gods in epic Early cosmogonic, cosmological, theological thought Ex: Hesiodic Theogeny , Works and Days ; Homeric Hymns Anthropomorphic: consume, copulate, fight, lie, kill Ex: Zeus and Hera in the Iliad Panhellenic abstractions Ex: Apollo, but no Delphi in early epic Theodicy: explanation of divine justice Ex: Zeus in the Odyssey (stupidity causes suffering) Manifestations of psychological states (double motivation) Ex: Agamemnon, Achilles and Athena in the Iliad Pre-Socratic philosophy o Origins of philosophy: edges of the Greek world, 600-500 BCE Ionia: leading edge of Greek culture (until Persia) Sicily-south Italy: fastest-growing part of Greece Parmenides of Elea: way of truth vs. way of opinion Theagenes of Rhegion: traditional religion as allegory o Zeus = thunder; Hera = air; Apollo = fire etc. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 10 - October 10, 2007 Religion and Philosophy of...

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