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October 24 - Roman Religion Sources Methods Ancient Italy...

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October 24, 2007 Roman Religion: Sources, Methods, & Ancient Italy: timeline o 7000 Neolithic technology o 2000 arrival of IE? o 1600-1000: BA: cultural uniformity; Mycenaen contact o 1000: IA: continuous habitation of Rome o 900-800: expansion of Etruscan power 800: Etruscan alphabetic inscriptions o 800-600: Greeks established in Magna Graecia, Massilia 600: earliest writing in Latin o 600-475: Etruscan domination yielding to Roman republic o 475-300: “Conflict of the Orders”: expansion of political rights o 375-250: extension of Roman power through Italy o 264-146: Punic Wars (vs. Carthage) o 241-133: control of Magna Graecia, Spain, Greece o 91-89: Social War (federation of Italy under Rome) o 88-27: civil wars > principate of Augustus (Octavian) Ancient Roman religion: written sources o Earliest period (600-200): scanty inscriptions Italian scripts (derived from Greeks, Phoenicians) Etruscan: incompletely deciphered Italic dialects related to Latin (Oscan, Umbrian, etc.) o A few fairly well understood texts, mainly religious Contrast Greece: earliest inscriptions = laws Latin o
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