October 26 - October 26, 2007 The Etruscans and their...

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October 26, 2007 The Etruscans and their Neighbors Origins of Roman Religion: theories o Ancient Civic theology: piety defined and defended to protect the state Elaboration of civic religious law (republican/imperial teleology) Ex: Cicero (1 st c. BCE statesman and scholar) “scientific” (rationalistic) approach (following Greek philosophers) Etymology: analysis of Greek and Roman religious terms Mythology: search for “historical” aitia for rituals o Modern: focus on distinguishing native from Hellenic elements Etruscans: poorly understood EIA Italian culture (convenient) IE: lack of archaeological evidence Origins of Roman Religion: concepts o Religio : correct relations with gods; awe inspired by nature o Cultus : veneration of gods (please the good, avoid the bad) o Superstitio : excessive, ill- informed religious ideas and practices o Sacer (adj.) sacrum (n.): what belongs to the supernatural consecration: formal recognition of that which is sacer o Lustratio : purification ritual o Profanes : that which is not sacer o Religiosus : that which is sacer in association with death o Santuc (adj.) sanctitas (n.): protected by religious law o Pius (adj.) pietas (n.): correct relations with family, community, gods (Ex:
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 26 - October 26, 2007 The Etruscans and their...

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