October 31 - October 31, 2007 Death and Burial in Ancient...

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October 31, 2007 Death and Burial in Ancient Rome Trends in Italian burial customs o Cremation/inhumation BA Italy: mainly inhumation EIA Italy: Etruscan, mainly cremation; southern Italy, mainly inhumation 3 rd -2 nd century BCE: cremation dominant 2 nd -3 rd century CE: inhumation dominant Compare variation in EIA Greece (possible causes) o Expense Etruscans: monumental necropolises Rome before 100 BC: modest burials After 100 BC: increasingly elaborate Hellenistic Greek influence Roman funerals o Goals Remove pollution (house marked with cypress boughs) Transform dead into one of di manes (40 days) Transform dead into monumentum Opportunity for display Role of adoption (even adults) o Financing Family: responsibility of paterfamilias Collegia funceratica : life insurance as cult Hercules, Minerva etc. as tutelary deity o Similar to Greek ( prothesis, ekphora, sêma ) o Preparation of the body Optional: body not required for ceremony
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course CLT 3371 taught by Professor Marks during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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October 31 - October 31, 2007 Death and Burial in Ancient...

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