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1Mindfulness Interventions and Effectiveness on Stress and Burnout in MentalHealth ProfessionalsCarly BallYorkville UniversityPSYC 6213: Research MethodsDr. Michael LewisMarch 14th, 2021
2AbstractMindfulness is an effective intervention to decrease the stress and burnout that is widespread across the mental health profession. Research on mindfulness studies has evolved immensely in the last 25 years but focusing on the mental health professionals' population is relatively new, and there is a surge in this growing area of interest. Various qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted to explain the impact that mindfulness has on the stress and burnout felt in this population. A common theme of the importance of self-care in the promotion of well-being among mental health practitioners is also reviewed. Keywords: Mindfulness, Stress, Burnout, Mental Health Professionals, Self-Awareness, Self-care
3Impact of Mindfulness Interventions on Stress and Burnout in Mental Health WorkersMental health professionals face an ongoing challenge that can be detrimental to their physical and psychological health. This population is required to engage in empathy, compassion, patience, without any respect or care reciprocated back from their clients, ultimatelyresulting in an increased risk for stress (Poslens & Gall, 2019). Working in a high-stress environment, providing continuous care to clients with complex mental health disorders can cause professionals to burnout and experience compassion fatigue by not recognizing their own needs. A large part of workplace environments is shown to be suffering from distress and mentalhealth issues. Burnout was first brought to the light in the 1970s; cross-culturally, individuals are being affected by this and is widespread among mental health professionals (Morse et al., 2011). Mindfulness Interventions can help create self-awareness and high self-efficacy among mental health workers and is revealed to be a promising prophylactic for the stress that causes this burnout. BackgroundMindfulness has its roots in Buddhist philosophy and is defined as a state of paying attention in the present moment, on purpose and in an accepting and kind way (Keng et al., 2011). Mindfulness refers to mental activities which share a common focus on training the self-regulation of attention and awareness, which consequently enhances the control of one’s cognitive processes and increasing the individual’s mental wellbeing. Over the last 25 years, mindfulness techniques have been implemented to reduce stress and improve mental health in clinical and non-clinical populations. Its mentioned, 21-67% of mental health workers might experience high levels of stress and burnout (Morse et al., 2011). High levels of burnout increase
4the risk of absence-related mental health disorders due to an overload of cases which lead to fatigue, exhaustion, insufficient resources to deal with their daily demands, resulting in impaired job performance (Keresemarkers et al., 2018). A study portrayed the importance of social support