MOS_5301_Unit_2_course_project.docx - 1 The Fire...

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1 The Fire Suppression Systems Unit II Course Project Brenda Shaw Columbia Southern University MOS 5301- Fire Protection Technology
2 Fire Prevention is a very extensive, but very important, topic in the fire service. As the old saying goes, “An ounce of prevention, is worth a pound of cure” (Goodreads, 2020). Even though this phrase was initially said in the context for the medical field, it is still very true in the fire safety industry. There are several parts within the scope of “fire prevention”. The design and use of a fire protection and fire suppression system is one of the most important items that fall under fire prevention. When activated, a fire suppression system is constructed to help keep the fire from growing larger, or fully extinguishing the fire. These systems are created to be used for the type of building and the items stored inside the building. This requires different types of systems to be used in different buildings and occupancies. There is a wide variety of different types of fire protection and suppression systems that are in use in the world today. Automatic fire protection, detection and alarm systems, automatic fire suppression systems, manual fire alarm systems, and manual fire suppression systems are some of these systems currently in use (Brakhage et al., 2016). When the afore mentioned systems are installed correctly and operational, lives and property can be saved from fire. The illustration of the City of Washington Warehouse fire is an example of what can happen when the current system is inadequate for the building, or if there is not system in place. Section 1 Existing Fire Protection, Detection and Suppression Systems In this Points to Ponder scenario, the system that was currently installed failed to activate and control the fire during this incident. For a fire to have started in this situation there had to be
3 a point of ignition, a fuel source and for oxygen to be present. When a welding crew began their work, they provided the point of ignition. With the worker working closely to the combustible material, that provided the fuel source and of course oxygen is present in the air. When the fire started, the fire suppression system installed in the structure was designed for noncombustible materials to be stored and not for the storage of combustibles. As with many structures over time, the buildings purpose changes. In this case the building had been renovated, adding 10,000 square feet to the original structure of the building. The use of the building had also changed, it no longer stored noncombustible items, instead it now stores copious amounts of combustibles which included coffee, cardboard, and cooking oils. When the renovation occurred, the decision was made to have a building equipped with a foreign made fire pump. This decision unfortunately did not help provide an adequate fire suppression system. The foreign built system was not UL compliant. It was noted in the testing process, that

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