Supply Chain Management Definition and Solutions

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1/28/2014 Supply Chain Management Definition and Solutions http://www.cio.com/article/print/40940 1/7 From: www.cio.com Supply Chain Management Definition and Solutions – Thomas Wailgum, CIO March 19, 2007 Compiled by Thomas Wailgum and Ben Worthen Editor's Note: This article was updated on Nov. 20, 2008, to reflect changes in supply chain management technology. What is supply chain management? What does supply chain software do? What is the relationship between ERP, CRM and SCM? What is the goal of supply chain management software? What is supply chain collaboration? What are the roadblocks to installing supply chain software? What is the extended supply chain? What is the impact of globalization on the supply chain? How has radio frequency identification (RFID) technology affected the supply chain? What is the impact of responsible sourcing, environmental sustainability and the "green" movement on the supply chain? What effect are on-demand software and software-as-a-service (SaaS) product offerings having on supply chain management? What is supply chain management? Supply chain management (SCM) is the combination of art and science that goes into improving the way your company finds the raw components it needs to make a product or service and deliver it to customers. The following are five basic components of SCM. 1. Plan —This is the strategic portion of SCM. Companies need a strategy for managing all the resources that go toward meeting customer demand for their product or service. A big piece of SCM planning is developing a set of metrics to monitor the supply chain so that it is efficient, costs less and delivers high quality and value to customers. 2. Source —Next, companies must choose suppliers to deliver the goods and services they need to create their product. Therefore, supply chain managers must develop a set of pricing, delivery and payment processes with suppliers and create metrics for monitoring and improving the relationships. And then, SCM managers can put together processes for managing their goods and services inventory, including receiving and verifying shipments, transferring them to the manufacturing facilities and authorizing supplier payments. 3. Make —This is the manufacturing step. Supply chain managers schedule the activities necessary for Print Article Close Window
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1/28/2014 Supply Chain Management Definition and Solutions http://www.cio.com/article/print/40940 2/7 production, testing, packaging and preparation for delivery. This is the most metric-intensive portion of the supply chain—one where companies are able to measure quality levels, production output and worker productivity. 4. Deliver —This is the part that many SCM insiders refer to as logistics, where companies coordinate the receipt of orders from customers, develop a network of warehouses, pick carriers to get products to customers and set up an invoicing system to receive payments.
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