March6-database-security - Database Security CS461/ECE422...

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Database’Security’ CS461/ECE422’ Spring’2013’
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Overview’ Database’model’ RelaBonal’Databases’ Access’Control’ Inference’and’StaBsBcal’Databases’ Database’encrypBon’ The’Cloud’
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Reading’Material’ Chapter’5’of’the’text’
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4’ MoBvaBon’ Databases’are’a’common’element’in’today's’ system’architecture’ Hold’important’informaBon’ Target’of’a±acks’ Sequel’‘injecBon’a±ack²’ A±acker’gets’SQL’database’to’run’malware’via’SQL’ input’
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5’ Database’Advantages’ Years’and’years’of’technology’improvements’ Data’integrity’and’consistency’ ACID’transacBons’ Atomicity’:’all’or’nothing’ ’Consistency’:’transacBon’brings’D±’from’one’valid’state’to’ another’ ’IsolaBon’:’concurrent’execuBon’equivalent’to’serial’ Durability’:’commiMed’transacBons’remain’aXer’failure’ Decent’performance’in’face’of’integrity’and’ consistency’requirements’ Common’well’understood’model’ Shared’access’ Controlled’access’
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Database’Elements’
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7’ RelaBonal’Model’ InformaBon’stored’in’relaBons’or’tables’ Each’row’is’a’tuple’of’a±ributes’ Manipulated’by’standard’SQL’language’ Name UID College GPA Financial Aid Alice 1232 Eng 4 0 Bob 3234 Eng 1.2 $5,000.00 Carol 4565 Bus 3.8 0 Dave 8988 Edu 2.1 0 Ellen 3234 ACES 3.1 $100.00 Alice 4534 LAS 2.9 $10,000.00
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8’ Combining’tables’ Can’use’Join’to’create’single’set’of’tuples’ from’mulBple’tables.’ Name UID Major Alice 1234 ECE Bob 2345 NUC Carol 3456 BA Dave 4567 French UID Dorm 1234 LAR 2345 ISR 3456 FAR 4567 PAR Name Dorm Major Alice LAR ECE Bob ISR NUC Carol FAR BA Dave PAR French
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9’ Making’Queries’ Can’select’rows’to’create’subtables’ – Select Name, UID, Financial Aid from Students where College = 'Eng' Name UID College GPA Financial Aid Alice 1232 Eng 4 0 Bob 3234 Eng 1.2 $5,000.00 Carol 4565 Bus 3.8 0 Dave 8988 Edu 2.1 0 Ellen 3234 ACES 3.1 $100.00 Alice 4534 LAS 2.9 $10,000.00 Name UID Financial Aid Alice 1232 0 Bob 3234 $5,000.00
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10’ Access’Control’in’the’SQL’Model’ Don't’have’to’have’a’single’owner’of’all’data’ Can’create’new’table’ Use’“Grant”’to’give’others’privileges’on’table’ Can’create’views’to’have’Fner’granularity’ with’access’control’ Can’delegate’privilege’granBng’authority’to’ others’ Access Control Slides from Lars Olson (Griffiths and Wade)
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11’ SQL’ grant ’Syntax’ grant privilege_list on resource to user_list; Privileges’include’ select ,’ insert ,’ etc.
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