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Exam 3 - Exam 3 War, Boom, and Bust 1. The Great War a....

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Exam 3War, Boom, and Bust1.The Great Wara.World War I (but they didn’t call it that then for obvious reasons)b.The spark was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914b.i.Austria invades Serbia; declares warb.ii.Serbia has an alliance with RussiaRussia invades Austria;declares war on Austriab.iii.Austria has an alliance with GermanyGermany declares war onRussia;b.iv.Great Britain and France are allies of Russia (Triple EntenteAgreement)Great Britain & France declare war on GermanyCentral Powers- Triple alliance, except Italy and AlliesAllied Powers- Triple entente and allies (France, GB, Russia…)Deep seeded rivalries (GB, France, Germany, Russia, US.)c.Trench warfare: a lot of death with little resultsd.Woodrow Wilson refuses to bring US into war.e.1915 – Germany sinks theLusitania(causes death of 128 Americans)call for US to get involvedf.Zimmerman telegram – possible plan in which Mexico is encouraged toattack United Statesg.United States declares war in 1917. Woodrow Wilson coins the “war fordemocracy.h.By late 1918, US sends 100,000-200,000 troops/month.WWI- 1914- November 11, 1918a.Many died for no results- the division lines between allies and centralpowers moved continuously back and forth.b.Trench warfarec.Woodrow Wilson is president- didn’t want to be involved with war.d.US’s private banks are loaning $$ to GB- want GB to win.e.US’s private companies support GB and France through suppliesf.Submarine Warfare- Germany was 1stto use in effective way.g.1915-oGerman sub sunk GB’s boat (passenger vessel). Boat exploded.May have been full of explosives in transport. Killed Americans.
oWilson upset and forced to take actionoSubmarines have to (supposed to) “warn” ships that they are aboutto attack of the attack.oThis doesn’t work and doesn’t last long.oGermany sinks every vessel going to GB and France.h.Germans divide plan to conquer US by dividing it up.oGB intercepts telegram and warns US.oEventually leads US into war against Germany in 1917i.Allies ask for 1 million men from US.oAmericans are excited to fight.oWe lose 100,000 menTreaty of Versailles-oWilson believes that giving Hungarians their own country willkeep them from invading other lands.oLeague of Nations- insures peace and keeps countries fromconquering others.oGermans is to take entire blame for war.oLeads to WWIIoTreaty isn’t ratified by US.oWilson has stroke and is unable to be president.oCreation of League of Nations (Woodrow Wilson’s idea)oGermany accepts blame for entire war.oCreation of several ethnically individual states.oGermany pays millions in reparations and dismantles its military.oTreaty of Versailles is not ratified in United States. They are afraidthe League of Nations would sap US sovereignty.
oWoodrow Wilson has stroke and is incapacitated. Progressivismdies off.

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