RESEARCH.docx - The Effect of Modular Learning on the...

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The Effect of Modular Learning on the Academic Performance of StudentsBACKGROUND OF THE STUDYThe current public health emergency of global concern is the recent Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) pandemic. A novel coronavirus caused this disease (SARS-CoV-2, previouslyknown as 2019-nCoV) (Guo et al., 2020). The coronavirus infection (COVID-19) made its firstappearance in the City of Wuhan City in Mainland China, and in just a few months, it hasmorphed into a global health epidemic. The World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed morethan 2 million COVID-19 cases and more than 100.000 deaths worldwide, including more than200 countries, from December 2019 to mid-April 2020.The COVID-19 pandemic remains a compelling issue destabilizing the economy and educationin most parts of the world. In response to the rise in confirmed cases of COVID-19 in thePhilippines, President Rodrigo Duterte suspended classes at all levels in Metro Manila initiallyon March 9, 2020, and provided an indefinite date of resumption. Schools promptly takeappropriate measures to protect students by preventing the spread of this infectious disease.However, for the continuity of education, the Department of Education (DepEd) launched onlineclasses and introduced modular distance learning.Distance learning is a type of education in which students and instructors have little or no face-to-face interaction (Chin, 2020). Modular learning, as defined by DepEd, is a type of distancelearning that employs Self-Learning Modules (SLM) based on the Most Essential LearningCompetencies (MELCS). The modular approach is a new way of thinking in education thattransfers conventional teaching approaches to an outcome-based learning model (Dejene, 2019).Modular learning is the most popular type of distance learning. All public schools in the
Philippines currently use this learning method. According to a survey recently conducted byDepEd, modular distance learning is the method that most parents prefer (Bernardo, 2020). Inrecent years, both the supply and demand for distance learning opportunities have risen.Researchers question whether students are prepared to be successful in this kind of environment.The existing pandemic and its potential shift to modular distance learning is the reason for thisstudy. This study discusses the scope of modular distance learning from various perspectives,how these modes of delivery compared with traditional face-to-face approaches, and its potentialimpact on students and affordances in student learning. The aim of this study is to explore theeffect of modular distance learning on students' academic performance. In doing so, we addressthe following research questions:RQ1: Is modular distance learning a good alternative for traditional learning methods?

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