Between+XX+and+XY:+Intersexuality+and+the+myth+of+two+sexes

Optimum sex 118 identification with as complicated 157

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Unformatted text preview: aphrodites, x, 26; definition of, 76–77; v. pseudohermaphrodites, 87–88; study of, 29; as word, 27 hermaphroditism, 26; causes of, 77; and gonads, 77 Hermaphroditus, 25–27 Hermes, 25–26 hijras, 144, 149; exalted status of, 145; functions of, 145; and surgery, 146 Hinduism, 144 Hippocrates, 15, 18; as logical, 9; on menstrual blood and sperm, 10 Index Historia de la composición del cuerpo humano (Amusco), 16 hormones, 52–53, 162; and adrenal glands, 56; and hypothalamuses, 56; and puberty, 55 human reproduction, xii, 33; and eggs, 48–49; and infant mortality, 49; and Red Queen theory, 40; and sexual interactions, 34–35; and sperm, 48–49. See also embryonic development human sexual development: children, as blank slate, 30–31; and possibilities, xi; and sex hormones, 31 De Humani Corporis Fabrica (Vesalius), 15–16 Huot, Jean-Marie, 128 hypercortisolism, 69. See also Cushing disease hypospadias, 117 hypothalamuses, 56 India, 117; hijras in, 145 infant mortality, 49 Institute for Anatomy, 18 Institutiones Anatomicae (Bartholin), 20 intersex, 9; as syndrome, 4. See also disorder of sex development (DSDs); intersex children; intersex people intersex children, 4–5, 115, 118, 154; and gender identity, 158; and hijras, 145; physicians’ attitudes toward, changes in, 160. See also disorder of sex development (DSDs); intersex; intersex people 191 intersex people, 162–63; attitude toward, as changing, 160; studies of, 29–30, 135–36, 142, 151–52; gay and lesbian rights movement, effect on, 160; and shame, 155; stigmatization, fears of, 120; study of, 29–30; and support groups, 138; and surgery, 119–20, 132. See also disorder of sex development (DSDs); intersex; intersex children Intersex Society of North America, 117, 137 Japan, 117 Johns Hopkins Hospital: studies at, 29–30, 140–42 Johnson, Virginia, 22 Juno, 27 kathoey, 149 Kali, 144 karyotypes, 63, 66; and metaphase, 29 karyotyping, 29 ketone bodies, 71 ketonuria, 71 Klinefelter, Harry Fitch, 62 Klinefelter syndrome: and 48,XXYY karyotype, 63 Krahl, Wolfgang, 142, 151 Kuhnle, Ursula, 142, 151 Lakota Sioux, 149 laparotomy, 107 Law, Lloyd, 24 Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society, 115 192 Index Lenore, 1, 7–8, 127; clitorectomy on, 6; description of, 2–3; estrogen therapy on, 6; as 46,XY person, 6; gender identity, ambivalence of, 4; as genetically male, 3; intersex condition of, 4; laparotomy on, 5; orchidectomy on, 5; psychiatric evaluation of, 3–4 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): and sexual intercourse, 22–23 mh, 149 Malaysia, 153; ethnic groups in, 151–52 marriage: legal recognition of, 162 Masters, William, 22 meiosis, 48, 61 menarche, 65 menstruation, 49, 55 Middlesex (Eugenides), 160 Middlesex Hospital, 138 midshipman fish, 113–14 Mojave: and alyha, 147–48, 150– 51; and tribal puberty ceremony, 150 Money, Dr. John, 30, 129, 134; as influential, 118...
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