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2 3 4 specializa on formaliza on centraliza on

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Unformatted text preview: e are not sta-c but dynamic b/c of external and internal shiVs •  Organiza-onal structure determines –  Work efforts of individuals and teams –  Resource distribu-on •  Key building blocks 1.  2.  3.  4.  Specializa-on Formaliza-on Centraliza-on Hierarchy Organiza$onal Structure Building Blocks For discussion see Orton & Weick, 1990 The Key Elements of Organiza-onal Structure Structure 1.  Specializa$on – degree to which a task is divided –  Division of labor •  Example: U.S. Military (Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines) 2.  Formaliza$on – codified rules and formal procedures –  Detailed wri_en rules and policies •  Examples: NASA, McDonald’s 3.  Centraliza$on – where the decision is made –  Centralized decision making ! slow response -me and reduced customer sa-sfac-on, top- down strategic planning •  Example: BP’s Mexican Gulf Oil Spill 4.  Hierarchy – formal, posi-on- based repor-ng lines –  Tall vs. flat structure •  Tall ! higher degree of centraliza-on •  Flat ! lower degree of c...
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