PSY 206 Unit 4 IP 1

PSY 206 Unit 4 IP 1 - Memory 1 Memory Psy 206 Unit 4 IP...

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Memory 1 Memory Psy 206 Unit 4 IP Michelle Mantonya December 7, 2007
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Memory 2 Hermann Ebbinghaus was the pioneer in the area of memory. Being a patient and thorough German psychologist, he conducted his studies in the late 1800s and early 1900s by asking questions such as “What conditions are favorable or unfavorable for linking or associating the words, sounds, and visual stimuli that make up our store of learned knowledge?” One of the methods of measuring memory is called free recall. A list of several different things is read off one at a time and recalled. An interesting finding from this study is that the position or order of the material to be recalled affects the chances it will be remembered. The items in the middle of the list will less likely be remembered than the items at the beginning (the primacy effect) or at the end (the regency effect) This phenomenon called the serial position effect (Braddeley, 2004), was discovered by Mary Ebbinghaus found that remembering is best when done right after the memorizing. As time passes, we tend to forget more and more. The human memory can be compared to a computer. There is a process in the way a stimulus gets to the long term memory or LTM as in the same way information is entered, stored and retrieved in a computer. Sensory information is received and coded and transformed into neuron impulses that can be further processed or stored for later use which is called transducing. A great deal of encoding is devoted to rehearsing, organizing it into groups and relating the groups to information already stored that allows us to use cues to retrieve it. Specific cues
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are also encoded, and these cues, or very similar ones, should be present when retrieval is attempted.
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This essay was uploaded on 02/12/2008 for the course PSY 206 taught by Professor Wallievski during the Winter '08 term at AIU Online.

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PSY 206 Unit 4 IP 1 - Memory 1 Memory Psy 206 Unit 4 IP...

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