5 Seeking Security.pptx - Seeking Security PLSC 14 How do States Gain Security Strategies for using force to gain security \u2022 Deterrence \u2022 Defense

5 Seeking Security.pptx - Seeking Security PLSC 14 How do...

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Seeking Security PLSC 14
How do States Gain Security? Strategies for using force to gain security : Deterrence Defense Preemption and Prevention Compellence Tools for gaining security : Security or Defense Alliances Agreements
1. Deterrence Persuading a potential enemy not to attack by threatening retaliation Deterrence can discourage attacks against state ( Direct Deterrence ) or against allies and friends ( Extended Deterrence ) Can be against active, named potential attacker ( Immediate Deterrence ) or against unnamed potential attackers in an insecure environment ( General Deterrence ) Examples: Athens and Sparta before Peloponnesian War; U.S. and Soviet Union under Mutually Assured Destruction ( MAD )
2. Defense Deploying and using military force to protect oneself, ward off an attack, minimize damage from an attack.
3. Preemption and Prevention Preemption : Use of military force to strike an potential enemy first when an attack is imminent .

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