All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: nvironmental Geography— Air pollution— Linked to clustered factories Minimal environmental controls Low­quality coal Growing rate of automobile­related pollution Little emission controls Water pollution— Industrial and nuclear waste Raw sewage Oil spills Recent efforts to reduce pollution Nuclear Threat— Former USSR had a large nuclear weapons and energy program Environmental safety issues were ignored Fallout from above­ground testing, nuclear waste dumped (unsafely) Nuclear bombs for seismic experiments, oil exploration, dam building Russia has many old nuclear reactors, major nuclear accidents: 1986 meltdown in Chernobyl (Belarus) Dzerzhinsk, Russia (most environmentally damaged/dangerous city in world) (chemical contamination) Life expectancy—42 years for men, 47 for women The post soviet challenge— End of soviet union has mixed results Shut­down of non­viable factories reduced pollution, but also created economic decline Diverse Physical setting— One of the world’s largest regions Many and varied natural resources High latitude (northern) continental climate Cold climate and rugged terrain limit opportunities for human settlement Population and Settlement— About 200 million residents Most people in best agricultural areas in the west European Russia has about 100 million people (West of Ural Mtns.) Siberia (East) only has about 35 million people 60 million in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine (west) Largest cities, industrial complexes and most productive farms in the west Moscow the largest city with more than 10 million people (Megacity) Siberian lands are sparsely populated Population pressure is not an issue RNI is negative (population is decreasing) Demographic Crisis— General population decline in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine Causes— Turmoil after USSR collapsed Economic uncertainty Declining health among women of child­bearing age Stress­related diseases Alcoholism Heart disease Rising murder and suicide Toxic environments Russia population could fall by 45 million by 2050 Russian Migration patterns— Russification—soviet policy moved Russians into non­Russian portions of Soviet Union to increase Russian dominance in those areas;...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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