All Notes for GEOG 2253

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Unformatted text preview: d to rely on trade with the United States Japan’s military power was limited Japan’s self­defense forces (240,000 people) US military provides defense, Japanese resent presence of US troops Despite limitations, Japan’s military has strengthened North Korean threats justified Japan’s need to develop military Other countries wary ofJapan’s military Anti­Japanese sentiments still remain in China and Korea The Korean Division— Korea divided between Soviet Union and United States Divided at the 38th parallel 1950—North invaded South, to unify US, UN supported the South and China aided the North Stalemate—still technically at war Large numbers of U.S. troops remain in S. Korea South now much wealthier than North Now S. Koreans seek peace with North Many South Koreans resent the presence of US troops Want reconciliation with the North “Sunshine Policy”—collaboration between the two Koreas Essentially canceled due to N. Korean military threats Despite peaceful moves N. Korea remains hostile North Korea developing and testing nuclear weaponry International community has attempted to dissuade N. Korea The Chinese Division— After Japan’s defeat, China found itself in civil war 1949, communists were successful forcing Nationalists to retreat to Taiwan Beijing still claims Taiwan as part of China Taiwan claims to be the true government of China Presses for formal independence from China Originally, the US recognized Taiwan (ROC) as the legitimate government 1970s and forward, the US recognized mainland China (PRC) China entered the UN, Taiwan has become isolated Future—Invasion or economic collaboration? China threatens to invade if Taiwan formally announces independence Global Dimensions of East Asian Geopolitics— 1950s—Cold War hostility and tension China and North Korea—Soviet Union (communist) Taiwan, Japan, South Korea—US (capitalist) 1970s—China and US work together against Soviet Union 1990s forward—End of Cold War and rapid economic growth of China has altered the balance of power Relations between US and China strained because of human rights issues and China’s occupation of Tibet US becoming war...
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