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Unformatted text preview: al system over another
European Colonialism (age of colonization)
Spain & Portugal & Latin Americas
Great Britain & India Forced upon other people
Cultural nationalism—the process of protecting & defending a certain cultural system against dilution or offensive cultural expression while at the same time actively promoting the indigenous culture
Middle Eastern countries censoring TV/movies
France censoring how much English is used on radio/TV
Cultural syncretism and hybridization—the blending of forces to form a new culture Language & Culture—
Language and culture is intertwined
Language defines and differentiates a culture
Important part of national/ethnic identity
Language families—a firstorder grouping of languages into large unites based on common ancestral speech
Consists of languages believed to have a common origin
Language branches or groups (subfamilies)—include similar sounds, words, grammar
IndoEuropean family includes Germanic Branch and Romance Branch IndoEuropean is the largest language family (speaking & geographic diffusion) About half the world’s population speaks an IndoEuropean language Dialect—a distinctiveness associated with a specific language
Regional differences in pronunciation or vocabulary Lobsterman in Maine vs. Rancher in West Texas
Lingua Franca—a third language that is adopted by people from different cultural groups who cannot speak each other’s language
Swahili in Africa
English is the international language of business and communication
Chinese become a Lingua Franca?
A Geography of World Regions—
Universalizing religion—attempts to appeal to all people
Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism
Actively seeks new members
Ethnic Religion—identified closely with a specific ethnic group, does not actively seek converts
Judaism and Hinduism
Ethnic group—group that has commonality such as language, culture, etc. Secularization—either nonreligious or atheistic (deemphasize religion in society and government) 1.1 billion worldwide
Christianity is the world’s largest religion 2.1 bil...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.
- Spring '08