All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: in small workshops, street vending, garbage picking, street performing, line waiting Economic and Social Development— Dependency theory— Expansion of European capitalism created LA underdevelopment Advanced in the 1960s, promoted self­sufficiency and internal economic development Encouraged less trade with NA and Europe Opposite of neoliberalism and free­market policies Promoted import substitution Policies that foster domestic industry by imposing inflated tariffs on imported goods Dollarization— Occurs when a country adopts (in whole or in parts) the US dollar as its official currency Tends to reduce inflation, eliminate fears of currency devaluation and reduce costs of trade Utilized by countries during financial crises Ecuador in 2000 El Salvador in 2001 Limited dollarization in current common strategy Banks allow customers to maintain accounts in dollars Social Development— Improvement in life expectancy, child survival, education, mortality rate Indicates better healthcare and nutrition NGOs, Grassroots organizations increased social well­being Complex racial and ethnic mix has created strong tolerance for diversity Overall, good race relations in Latin America Little residential segregation and many interracial marriages However racial discrimination is still present Afro­Brazilians suffer higher rates of homelessness, unemployment Prejudice towards Indians – “Indio” is an insult in Mexico Status of Women— Many women work outside the home (30 to 40 percent) Legally, women can vote, own property, and sign for loans, but are less likely than men to do so Good access to education compared to other developing regions Rural women tend to be less educated and have larger families Luchadores– Professional Wrestling in Mexico 2/18/13 Chapter 5: The Caribbean— At a Glance— Caribbean includes 26 countries and dependent territories Greater & Lesser Antilles Rimland Countries 43 million people First point of exploration by Europeans Rival European powers battled for control of t...
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