All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: acted for a set period of time (4­7 years) Creolization and Caribbean Identity— Creolization —blend of African, European and Amerindian Culture Language (tied to European countries) Spanish 24 million French 8 million English 6 million Dutch 500,000 Various forms of Creole spoken Patois in Haiti Music— Reggae, Calypso, Merengue, Rumba Steel pan drums of Trinidad Famous musicians— Bob Marley Baseball— Cuba, Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic Geopolitical Framework— Colonization of tropics by Europeans in the early years Profitable for sugar, rum and spices Pushed the Spanish out European power weakened by American presence by mid 19th century Monroe Doctrine—proclaimed that US would not tolerate European military involvement in Western Hemisphere America’s Backyard and Neocolonialism Claims to free the countries and encourage democracy US imposes its will via economic and military force Economic and Social Development— Poor but economically better off than Sub­Saharan Africa, South Asia and rural China Historically, agricultural exports dominated but now tourism, banking and assembly plants Growth due to location, tax­free trade, cheap labor Historic economic importance of Sugar (Dominican Republic, Antigua, Barbados) and coffee (Haiti) Until 1990, sugar counted for 80% of foreign exchange in Cuba. Caribbean & Brazil are major exporters of sugar Economic Development— Invite foreign investors to set up assembly plants—creates jobs Puerto Rico—Operation Bootstrap and industrialization Attract US led investment with cheap labor and tax breaks Free Trade Zones (FTZs) Duty free and tax exempts for foreign corporations 50 FTZs in the Dominican Republic Off­shore Banking— Offers confidential services and tax exempt (Bahamas and Caymans) Attract money laundering and drug money Online Gambling—restricted in 2007 Economic Development— Tourism—environment, location and economic factors By 1950s, Cuba the main destination Tourism stopped w...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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