All Notes for GEOG 2253


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Unformatted text preview: ed 1975, average life expectancy was 58 2009, average life expectancy was 69 Life expectancy rates vary widely around the world Life expectancy in Japan is 82 while Nigeria is only 44 Lifeexpectancy in Sub­Saharan Africa is only 51, the same as it was in 1975 (AIDS) Migration— Today more than 190 million people live outside the country of their birth; 1/3 live in 7 industrialized countries Japan, Germany, France, Canada, Italy, USA & UK Most international immigration is linked to economic globalization Most move from rural areas to cities/towns Pull Factors—favorable conditions at a destination that compel people to move there (positive) Economic opportunity, health services, freedom, good climate Push factors—negative conditions that repel people from a location Cultural oppression, war, unemployment, natural disasters (negative) Informational Networks—family or friends that provide information on migration, housing and job opportunities An Urban World— Cities are the focal points of the modern globalizing world Urbanized population—percentage of a country’s population who live in cities On average, 48­50% of the world’s population lives in cities Developed regions: more than 80% urbanized Developing regions: often much lower than 50% Urbanization— Migration from rural to urban areas Negative effects— Over urbanization—outpacing infrastructure changes Squatters—makeshift housing, illegal developments Brain drain—from developing countries (highly educated people leaving developing countries) Cultural Coherence & Diversity— Culture is learned behavior, held in common by a group of people Culture changes over time Culture is dynamic and not static Culture= “A way of life.” Culture is a broad term incorporating a wide array of social attributes Abstract culture—language, religion, ideology, livelihood, belief and value systems Material culture—technology, food, clothing, housing, music and symbols When Cultures collide— Cultural imperialism—active promotion of one’s cultur...
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This note was uploaded on 02/07/2014 for the course GEOG 2253 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Oklahoma State.

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